Water and ocean sound effects – includes environments, movement, splashes and much more
Entire PMSFX catalog in one bundle.
Thousands of high quality sound effects (48-192kHz 24Bit) recorded with top tier gear (Sennheiser, DPA, Sound Devices, Ambient, Sony etc) and processed with some of the best plugins and outboard on the market.
All SFX have baked-in Soundminer’s meta data.
FORGOTTEN NEONS (96KHZ 24BIT | 1.1GB | 415 FILES | META DATA)
LOFI TERMINAL (96KHZ 24BIT | 157.7MB | 195 FILES | STEREO | META DATA)
BLURRY DREAMS (96KHZ 24BIT | 616.3MB | 203 FILES | STEREO | META DATA)
OBSCURE FREQUENCIES (96KHZ 24BIT | 3.4GB | 336 FILES | STEREO + MONO | META DATA)
CineDrop (96KHZ 24BIT | 414.5MB | 57 FILES | STEREO | META DATA)
Cinescapes II (96KHZ 24BIT | 962.75MB | 20 FILES | STEREO | META DATA | LOOPS SEAMLESSLY)
Cinescapes (96KHZ 24BIT | 741.5MB | 20 FILES | STEREO | META DATA | LOOPS SEAMLESSLY)
Cinenergy (96KHZ 24BIT | 550.4MB | 130 FILES | STEREO | META DATA)
FOUNDATION SERIES: SCI-FI (96KHZ 24BIT | 739.8MB | 164 FILES | META DATA)
SCIFI ATMOS (96KHZ 24BIT | 1.32GB | 30 FILES | 38MIN | STEREO | META DATA)
Industrial Terror – Hits & Transitions (96KHZ 24BIT | 804.5MB | 145 FILES | STEREO | META DATA)
Industrial Terror – Textures (96KHZ 24BIT | 731.1MB | 66 FILES | STEREO | LOOPS SEAMLESSLY | META DATA)
Industrial Terror (96KHZ 24BIT | 690MB | 210 FILES | STEREO | META DATA)
DARKSCAPES (96KHZ 24BIT | 1.24GB | 30 FILES | 35MIN | STEREO | META DATA)
MicroBots (96-192KHZ 24BIT | 187.7MB | 293 FILES | STEREO + MONO | META DATA)
IN MOTION (96KHZ 24BIT | 1.59GB | 40 FILES | META DATA)
CYBERSPHERE (96KHZ 24BIT | 1.14GB | 340 FILES | META DATA)
BLOODBATH (96-192KHZ 24BIT | 959.9MB | 360 FILES | META DATA)
GHOSTLY AIR (96KHZ 24BIT | 311.9MB | 33 FILES | STEREO | META DATA)
SCI-FI MECHANICS (96KHZ 24BIT | 636.6MB | 301 FILES | META DATA)
SYNTHASSAULT (96KHZ 24BIT | 1.18GB | 320 FILES | META DATA)
BONE BREAKS (192KHZ 24BIT | 56.1MB | 57 FILES | META DATA)
HI-TECH ELEMENTS (96KHZ 24BIT | 25.2MB |35 FILES | META DATA)
MONSTRUM (96KHZ 24BIT | 38.1MB | 38 FILES | MONO | META DATA)
RESOSCAPES (48KHZ24BIT | 235.5MB | 10 FILES | 13M30S | META DATA | LOOPS SEAMLESSLY)
EERIE LFE PULSE (48KHZ 24BIT | 47.71MB | 5 FILES | META DATA | LOOPS SEAMLESSLY)
Haunted Doors [DESIGNED & SOURCE] (96-192KHZ 24BIT | 420MB | 209 FILES | MONO&STEREO | META DATA)
Books Alive (192KHZ 24BIT | 488.4MB | 434 FILES | MONO | META DATA)
Point and Shoot (96KHZ 24BIT | 94.3MB | 200 FILES | MONO | META DATA)
Kitchen Foley (96KHZ 24BIT | 240MB | 241 FILES | MONO | META DATA)
Mediterránia (96KHZ 24BIT | 2.18GB | 30 FILES | 62 MINUTES | META DATA)
Tactical Backpack (96KHZ 24BIT | 42.4MB | 72 FILES | MONO | META DATA)
Back Alley Rain (192KHZ 24BIT | 1.1GB | 20 FILES | STEREO | META DATA | LOOPS SEAMLESSLY)
Just Coins (192KHZ 24BIT | 289.2MB | 287 FILES | MONO | META DATA)
Old Drawers (192KHZ 24BIT | 209.35MB | 151 FILES | MONO | META DATA)
Along The Grid (48KHZ 24BIT | 321MB | 8 THEMES | 54 LOOPS | META DATA | LOOPS SEAMLESSLY)
SynthRunner (96KHZ 24BIT | 107.5MB | 3 FILES 1 MIN EACH | META DATA | LOOPS SEAMLESSLY)
DIGITAL ILLUSIONS (48KHZ 24BIT | 313MB | 5 THEMES | 35 FILES | META DATA | LOOPS SEAMLESSLY)
INFECTED (48KHZ 24BIT | 44.1MB | 1 THEMES | 10 LOOPS 14s EACH | META DATA | LOOPS SEAMLESSLY)
STEPS: Dirt & Gravel (96KHZ 24BIT | 120.5MB | 96 FILES | MONO + STEREO | META DATA)
WASHER (96KHZ 24BIT | 2GB | 121 FILES | MONO + STEREO | 56m 35s | META DATA)
Empty City Rain (96KHZ 24BIT | 437MB | 12 FILES | STEREO | META DATA)
Costal Spain (96KHZ 24BIT | 2.57GB | 21 FILES | STEREO | 74m 04s | META DATA)
Point and Shoot Fuji Cam (192KHZ 24BIT | 357MB | 346 FILES | META DATA)
Abstract Guns (96KHZ 24BIT | 86MB | 165 FILES | META DATA)
Shattering Bricks (192KHZ 24BIT | 647MB | 232FILES | META DATA)
Rocky Impacts (192KHZ 24BIT | 647MB | 262FILES | META DATA)
Glitchy Circuits (96KHZ 24BIT | 613MB | 220FILES | META DATA)
STEPS: Dry Grass & Shrubs (192KHZ 24BIT | 202MB | 226FILES | META DATA)
Ancient Sea Ruins (192KHZ 24BIT | 3.7GB | 10FILES | META DATA)
Foundation Series SCI-FI 2 (96KHZ 24BIT | 1.1GB | 627FILES | META DATA)
Mini Printer (192KHZ 24BIT | 328MB | 178FILES | META DATA)
NanoTech (96KHZ 24BIT | 180MB | 226FILES | META DATA)
Back Alley Rain II (192KHZ 24BIT | 1.1GB | 12FILES | META DATA)
Phone Foley (192KHZ 24BIT | 85MB | 76FILES | META DATA)
Windy Hill (192KHZ 24BIT | 1.7GB | 8FILES | META DATA)
Magic Metal (96KHZ 24BIT | 1.1GB | 160FILES | META DATA)
Lethal Blow (96-192KHZ 24BIT | 0.5GB | 983FILES | META DATA)
Rain Designer (96-192KHZ 24BIT | 7GB | 396FILES | META DATA)
Sci-fi Gunnery (96KHZ 24BIT | 404MB | 580FILES | META DATA)
Bullet Bys & Impacts (96KHZ 24BIT | 3.7GB | 130FILES | META DATA)
Timeless SLR’s (192KHZ 24BIT | 2.12GB | 1392FILES | META DATA)
Mechanical Morphs & Mutationss (96KHZ 24BIT | 1GB | 336FILES | META DATA)
SCIFI PASS BY [DESIGNER SRIES] (96KHZ 24BIT | 6.8GB | 742FILES | META DATA)
Ahoy Mateys! Step aboard the finest sailing ship sound effects library in the land.
Whether you’re working on an exciting Pirates of the Caribbean style video game or a relaxing sea-faring romance, the hours of exceptional background loops and additional cutting edge ship sounds contained within this sound pack will set your project on a course to excellence!
EXPLORE AN ENTIRE SHIP
Whether your adventure takes place in the MAIN DECK, CABIN, BELOW DECK, atop the CROWS NEST, in a MEDIEVAL PORT, or on a DISTANT SHIP in the HIGH SEAS we’ve got you covered! Each ambience contains MULTIPLE VARIATIONS, ALL-WEATHER CONDITIONS, and MULTIPLE INTENSITIES to cover every part of the ship, on the rough and calm seas, this sound effects library is perfect for every situation you need.
A JOURNEY TO REMEMBER
Our expert team of sound designers has meticulously crafted each ambience into CONTINUOUS, NON-REPETITIVE, DRAG AND DROP-READY LOOPS that will serve as perfect background audio for your game, film, animation, live event, or even as relaxing background audio! We have even included FULL and SIMPLIFIED MIXES, ISOLATED WEATHER, OCEAN and WOOD CRACKING versions, SHORT and LONG non-repetitive variants, and numerous other options for your convenience!
With FREE UPDATES, FOREVER! and FREE BONUS AMBIENCES: MEDIEVAL PORT and isolated, SEA, SAILS, and FLAG FLAPPING, Ship’s BELL RINGING, WEATHER, and WOOD CRACKING SOUNDS, all supplied in industry-standard Hi-Rez WAV and Hi-Quality MP3 formats, there’s no better time to set sail on the high seas with this ONE OF A KIND sound pack!
So what are you waiting for? Take command of this UNIQUE library and begin your journey on the high seas today!
This bundle includes 4 different libraries.
The Baltic Sea sound library is compilation of 56 WAV files recorded with Sound Devices 702, Rode NTG3, Sony PCM-M10, two Oktavas MK012 set in MS, XY and ORTF setup. All the sounds were recorded far away from the cities and roads. Since most of the sounds were recorded in late winter, there are no insects or birds in background. There are few files that includes the sound of birds, but I left them on purpose, because of the overall feel of the files. In this library you will find beautiful sound of waves crushing on the rocks and shore, recorded from different perspectives in different stereo configurations, during calm and windy days. In addition to those sounds, there’s foley like walking, running and swimming in the water.
The Harbours Of Norway sound library features 25 files with ambients recorded in Myre, Sto and Nyksund, very small towns with direct access to the sea. Most of the sound effects were recorded at night, but since it’s a polar day time of the year, it was very pleasurable to walk and look for convenient places to set up my gear. Everything was recoded with ORTF setup built from two Sennheisers MKH 8040. Inside this library, you’ll find a lot of seagulls, waves crushing on the rocks and plants, windy ambients from the cliff, industrial sound from port in Myre with ship unloading the cargo, walla with steam engine boat and additional sounds from boat engine market and air cooling aggregates from food containers. Every file was recorded in 96kHz, edited (i removed any unintentional bumps, pops and unwanted sounds). I limited EQing to removing harsh frequencies, or enhancing a little bit the good sounding ones. At the end of the chain there is a small compression, for louder sounds.
The Summer Ambients sound library contains 33 beautiful WAV files recorded with Sound Devices 702, Rode NTG3, two Oktavas MK012 in MS and stereo XY pattern. All sounds were gathered in different and beautiful places like forests, lakes, meadows or swamps. You can expect amazing ambients, textures, different birds, insects, forest during rain, calm and windy days. It’s a perfect library for designing background sounds. Everything was recorded in amazing Masuria in Poland.
Summer ambients Update – library got 2x bigger and heavier than the original library. 59 additional files, 123 minutes of high quality audio recorded with Sennheiser MKH 8040 ORTF setup, Rode NTG3, Oktava MK012 XY setup plugged into SD702 and Sony PCM-10. It features ambients from the forests, ponds, swamps, meadows, lakes and suburbs recorded is very quiet locations, mostly just before the sunrise, during the day and before sunset far away from the cities.
Water Flow sound library took me about six months to record, consumed about 15 thermoses of tea and 42 litres of gasoline to get to all locations. It offers 90 BWAV files recorded in different locations. Huge part of this library is based on the recording sessions on the rivers. Two completely different locations, recorded regularly for the last 5 months allowed me to create this unique sound library. Most of the recording sessions took place during winter just before the sun was rising to reduce the amount of unwanted sounds. Almost all recordings are completely clear and only few have birds in background, since it was my intention to record some location ambients with natural backgrounds.
You can see the metadata and sound list below.
This sound library is part of the Complete Craig Carter Collection, containing a wide range of maritime recordings.
Recorded over Craig’s 34 year career as an esteem Australian sound designer, this library consists of wind through rigging, various harbours, waves lapping, jetties and coastal ambiences.
59 Ambiences, most of them are loopeable, from the city of San Francisco, California (USA).
Recorded in October 2019.
Learn more about these recordings: https://soundxplorer.com/the-noise-of-san-francisco
My Trip To LA_Various Ambience is the second in a four part collection. This pack is filled with a variety of different recorded locations. Locations visited are:
– Wild Wood Canyon
– Lake Arrowhead
– Muscle Beach (Santa Monica)
– Huntington Beach
– Broad Museum
– Los Feliz Library
Most recordings are exterior, with a few interior sprinkled in.
Heard in these recordings range from a go cart race, ocean waves, leaves rolling on dirt canyon, Single Passenger Plane Overhead, Car Pass bys/ Traffic, swing set, Roller Coaster, Interior Library beeps, and more!
All recordings are metadata tagged using Basehead and Soundly. Recordings labeled using the Sony D100 Handheld Portable Recorder are recorded at 192kHz, 24 bit. Recordings labeled using the Rode ixy are recorded at 96kHz, 24 bit
Sit back, relax, and enjoy.
in stereo, binaural, ambisonics (incl. 5.1 surround )
11.88 GB of original sounds, 26.55 GB with the encoded ambisonic files in 5.1 and stereo included
• rough & authentic recordings in remote locations
• 99.9% free of any human-made noise
• immersive & suitable for VR productions and mobile applications
• real binaural and ambisonics recordings
• clean edited, but not designed
• including long takes >20 minutes with a lot of sounds for further editing and looping
• with beach atmospheres, pure waves, and tropical wildlife
• incl. seamless loops
• metadata added
• incl.. 5.1 surround & stereo versions of the ambisonics B-Format AmbiX files for instant use
• captured during three recording expeditions over the past five years in Colombia, Peru, Brazil, Thailand, Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia
• Microphones: 2xDPA 4060, Sennheiser Ambeo, H2a-XLR hydrophones
This library has a unique selection of streams and rivers sounds, recorded and edited with the utmost care in the one of the most beautiful places in the world, the French Alps.
Includes 100 files 24Bit/96kHz, recorded in many different places situated in the heart of the Mercantour National Park and the Ecrins National Park, for a total of more than four and a half hours of recording. This work was done over five months, from the end of the winter ( by the time the snow had melted ) until the end of the summer.
All recordings have been made early in the morning, between 5 and 8 a.m, resulting in extremely clean recordings with no man-made noise pollution. The majority of sounds has been recorded from a close perspective for beautiful details with four different recording methods :
Includes embedded Soundminer metadata.
Take a journey outside during the middle of summer to beautiful suburban lake…. surrounded by a highway and roads… and lots of trees and canoes!
Suburbs of Chicago: Lake is the 7th in the Suburbs of Chicago Series. In this pack, we dive into the a large forest preserve in Illinois, bordered by in interstate, and cut in half by a long and busy road. Recordings include bikes, runners, walkers, and rollerbladers passing by on a bike path, in between large trees, lake water splashing from people canoeing, leaves and large grass/ plants rustle, and more!
Recorded at 24 bit, 192 kHz using the Sennheiser MKH8050 and MKH30 into a Sound Devices Mix Pre-6, along with the Sony D100 Handheld Recorder. Total of 25 .wav audio files rounds of this pack.
About four and a half hours of recordings packed with metadata tagged using Basehead and Soundly. As in the all the other packs in this series, you will hear distant traffic and planes throughout.
Get the sounds of gas and water running through massive and tiny pipes, at three processing sites closed to the public.
This library delivers the sounds of a gas control station, a sewage plant and a waterworks. We recorded the hissing of gas, low drones of water rushing through massive pipes, and the sounds of various stages of sewage processing, recorded indoors and outdoors in multiple locations and rooms throughout the three facilities. The library includes close-up sound effects, indoor and outdoor ambiences, and features ambiences and stereo contact mic recordings of active gas and water pipes, capturing the various resonating pipes in isolation.
Total play time of all recordings is just under 2 hours.
Harbours Of Norway sound library features 25 files with ambients recorded in Myre, Sto and Nyksund, very small towns with direct access to the sea. Most of the sound effects were recorded at night, but since it’s a polar day time of the year, it was very pleasurable to walk and look for convenient places to set up my gear. Everything was recorded with an ORTF setup built from two Sennheisers MKH 8040.
Inside this library, you’ll find a lot of seagulls, waves crushing on the rocks and plants, windy ambients from the cliff, industrial sound from port in Myre with ship unloading the cargo, walla with steam engine boats and additional sounds from the boat engine market, and air cooling aggregates from food containers.
Every file was recorded in 96kHz, edited (I removed any unintentional bumps, pops and unwanted sounds). I limited EQing to removing harsh frequencies, or enhancing a little bit the good sounding ones. At the end of the chain there is a small compression, for louder sounds.
The Ambiance Collection 1 aims to provide a complete solution for a wide variety of sound scenarios.
It features a range of ambience recordings such as cities, roads, parks, countrysides, shores, airports, shopping malls, underground parking lots, various room-tones and much more.
This package includes 71 Files – Total 3:23:00 hours of content, with an average track duration of 0:02:45 minuets.
The library is also available in 360 Ambisonic version here.
The Mediterranean Summertime SFX library includes 120 selections dedicated to life and the atmosphere of both glitz and off-beat Mediterranean islands, during summertime. We follow tourists in well known busy bays, as well as head out to quieter destinations recommended by locals.
Water Flow took six months to create, and offers 90 BWAV files recorded in different locations. A huge part of this library is based on the recording sessions by (and in) rivers. Most recordings were done during the winter just before sunrise, to reduce the amount of unwanted sounds.
Almost all recordings are completely clear and free from any birds in the background.
The first location was river called Łyna, and there I’ve recorded a sound of water flowing at different speeds, along with the sound of a dam reducing the speed and height of the river’s flow. The second interesting part of this location was the amount of fallen trees in the water, causing the water to split. Because of this, there was a lot of sonically interesting places to record.
The second river is called Guber, and it’s much smaller than Łyna. I’ve picked this place because of the really subtle water streams, and something even more amazing, natural dams built by beavers. The amount of work these animals put to built those dams is incredible.
In addition to recorded rivers, this library also includes the sound of water dripping inside underground sewers. During one of my field recording trips I discovered a hatch. I could not resist to go inside, and what I discovered there was far beyond my expectations. I made a two small trips there to record it from different distances, with different microphones in mono and stereo.
Get the sound of the Baltic Sea with this sound effect library recorded in Poland, featuring both location sound and additional foley, including walking, running in the water and swimming. The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, and is surrounded by Scandinavia, Finland, the Baltic countries, and the North European Plain.
A total of 153 minutes of ocean and water foley sounds are included in this atmospheric SFX library.
This sound library was updated with 37 additional files of waves crushing on the shore and rocks during different weather conditions. It was recorded with various stereo configurations like stereo XY, ORTF, MS and Sony PCM-M10.
Abstract Aqua sound effects library is a result of different field recording sessions with more experimental approach.
It features 208 192kHz WAV files, 92 designed sound effects and 116 RAW recordings. It was recorded with a Sound Devices 702 and Sony PCM-D100, Sennheiser MKH 8040 microphones, Rode NTG3 and Aquarian Audio hydrophone. Total length of the files is 334 minutes.
The designed files have more abstract feel to it, so you’ll find aqua whooshes, different underwater sounds and big sounding waves. The RAW files includes different wave recordings from the Baltic Sea, water foley sounds and effects recorded with hydrophones. You can find more informations in the library sound list.
Faunethic's Volcanic Geyser sound library is a unique collection of 21 sounds from the bowels of the earth. Steaming, splashing and muddy textures, these sounds has been recorded at San Pedro de Atacama, in northern Chile. The third most important geothermal spot on earth, San Pedro de Atacama is located between 4500 to 5200 meters above sea level offering a wide and beautiful sonic diversity to its visitors.
This collection provides authentic sound recordings, captured with high-quality equipment: DPA, Neumann and 4minX. All Faunethic tracks includes metadata carefully edited with Soundminer. All these sounds are delivered at 24/96Khz .wav files. This collection come in easily downloadable zip file.
Mediterrania is a collection of 30 carefully recorded and mastered sea ambiences and sound effects.
Waves, splashes, water sprays, water between rocks, see waves on pebbles and more
All sound effects loop seamlessly and have a comprehensive Soundminer's metadata.
LOCATION: Costa Blanca, Spain.
RECORDED WITH: Sound Devices MixPre-6 + Sennheiser MKH8060 + ATE 208 (M/s) and
Sony PCM D100 at 192kHZ with Rycote windjammer.
EDITED AND MASTERED WITH: Pro Tools, iZotope RX.
This SFX library features recordings of the Pacific Ocean at various locations along the beach within Refugio State Park. The incoming waves collide with large rock formations, creating great wave impacts and rushing water through small channels and hollow rocks. A variety of mic placements at various distances from the ocean were used, from directly over the water to larger distances, recording ambience behind massive rock walls and inside natural beach caves. In addition, a hydrophone captured underwater currents from waves splashing into small tide pools on the rocks.
ANCIENT SEA RUINS is a collection of 10, high quality, detail-rich sea ambiences.
Waves splashing on Roman ruins, gurgling, lapping, swells, water movement between rocks and more.
Collection consist of 10 (53 min total time) high quality recordings (192kHz 24bit) of sea water traveling through old Roman ruins. Interesting and unique sounding wave patterns, gurgles, swells and wave collapsing onto one another. Many states of the sea from peaceful lapping and subtle gurgling to large swells.
All the recording are free from city noises.
All SFX have baked-in Soundminer’s meta data.
LOCATION: Costa Blanca, ES
RECORDED WITH: Sound Devices MixPre 6 + 2x Sennheiser MKH 8040 (ORTF)
EDITED AND MASTERED WITH: Pro Tools, FabFilter.
This SFX library gets you the sounds of the remote San Antonio creek located in the Angeles National Forest – 32 recordings in total. The creek morphs from almost a trickle at 8,000 feet to a large waterfall below, allowing for a wide range of moving water sounds to be captured.
The Caribbean coast of Colombia is full of magical places and unique environments. Tayrona Natural Park is an indigenous reserve far from civilization and with the perfect blend of beach, forest and harmony. In the far north of the country lies “El Cabo de la Vela” where the sounds are a direct connection with nature.
This library brings you beach, desert and forest ambiences along with wave movement of 7 different beaches.
'Water Streams One' is the first library in my 'Water Streams' series that explores the bubbly and roaring sounds of rapids, rivers and streams found all around Finland.
The library consists of 19 unique sounding locations ranging from large rapids to tiny streams. Most of the content was recorded in quiet Northern Finland locations and I even visited the Oulanka National Park to record its famous large roaring rapids.
Due to challenging and hard to access locations I decided to record the library with portable Sony handheld recorders utilizing ORTF and XY techniques.
The average length of each file is between 2-4 minutes so you can easily create your own loops for video games and other media.
You get the sounds in two formats: 96 KHz 24 bit and in 44.1 KHz 16 bit, for more convenient ways of utilizing the sounds in games and other media.
Need some sounds of water on rocks? This bite sized library could be just what you need. Close stereo recordings of waves a crashing against both rocks and beaches.
With A Sound Effect, Asbjoern has created a web site where our international community can browse, learn, and share the vast fruits of our labors. Together we are accelerating the very real potential power of sound design as a recognized art form.
A Sound Effect is an excellent resource for us to keep our animated films sounding unique and exciting.
A Sound Effect is a great asset to have discovered.
We found the site very easy to navigate, purchasing and downloads were effortless and the effects themselves are awesome! Asbjoern has done us all a great service.
We’ll definitely be back!
There are many great independent sound effect libraries available these days. The main problem with having so many, is keeping track of them!
A Sound Effect is a great hub, and is one of the first places I visit to look for sounds by category or genre. I started coming here to see if I could find libraries that I knew I had heard, but forgot WHERE I had heard them.
And in the process discovered libraries I never would have found otherwise. Great work! Keep it up!
We're always looking for new sounds to mangle, so when A Sound Effect had a holiday sale, I tried them out.
The purchase experience is really smooth and quick, and delivery is almost instant.
I'll definitely come back to them again in the future!
A Sound Effect is a wonderful resource for indie sound effects libraries. On top of that, it has some of the finest sound design, film and game audio interviews!
I often need very specific types of sounds so I've become a big supporter of independent recorders.
Until now I've always had to go to their individual websites. Now I can find them all in one place.
And, Asbjoern is great to work with!
A Sound Effect is a well curated boutique sound effects shop and a great place to find industry interviews and learning resources.