10 Essential Tips for audio freelancers Asbjoern Andersen


Planning to go freelance in game audio – or perhaps you already work as a freelancer? Rebecca Parnell is a BAFTA Award-winning Sound Designer who has worked in sound for 19 years on 50+ game titles, and has been working freelance for the past 10 years – and in this special guide, she shares her essential tips to a succesful freelance career in game audio.


Written by Rebecca Parnell, photo courtesy of Rebecca Parnell



 

Going freelance is a bold and exciting step in one’s career that can be hugely rewarding. It can also be very demanding, and despite the dream of freedom away from the office, designing sound on a beach in Thailand, the reality often requires perseverance, commitment and work infringing on personal time and home space… With that said in quiet times, there is the wonderful possibility to pack up the recording kit and go exploring!
If you are considering making the move to freelance or have just embarked on this journey, here are some top tips to making it a success!

1. Start with in-house experience


A significant part of designing audio in interactive media is the implementation. No matter how amazing your thoughtfully crafted sound is, if it is implemented badly, it can sound really bad.

Having the experience of working in-house throughout the development of a game will enable you to communicate and work more effectively remotely

You need to be equipped to know how the game developers operate, what the different roles in the team are, how your work overlaps and how you can help each other. There is so much to learn! Having the experience of working in-house throughout the development of a game will enable you to communicate and work more effectively remotely. I still very much enjoy in-house contracts from time to time.
 

2. Build your network


There is no better way to find work than to be recommended. Working in-house is a great way to build your network. If a previous colleague remembers your awesome sounds on a project and that you are thoroughly nice person to have on the team, they might recommend you in the future. If you build a good relationship with your clients, they’ll come back to you for their next project. Attending conferences, exhibitions and networking events are also great ways to meet others in the industry, share opinions, stories and meet like-minded people.
 

3. Establish your legal framework and contact the tax office


There are various ways in which you can operate as a freelancer: a sole trader or a director of a limited company, whether registered for VAT or not. Each country has their guidelines, rules and rates. It’s worth doing your research and getting this established from the start. If you are to make a limited company, you’ll need a company number on your quotes and invoices, the same with VAT if you are to register. Also consider whether you require an accountant, they might seem expensive but they might know how to best to manage accounts that frees up more cash to invest in your company.
 

4. Create a suitable space to work


This is really important as you’ll be spending a lot of time there.

Wherever possible have a room that you enter to work and close at the end of the day, making a clear division between work and personal space

Whether you hire a room at a studio, build your own home studio, or adapt a space in your home, it needs to be quiet, without distractions and comfortable. Wherever possible have a room that you enter to work and close at the end of the day, making a clear division between work and personal space.

 

5. Prioritise setting up expenditure


Of course we want all the wonderful toys in the shop, but what do we really need and how much can we afford? It takes time to establish a network of clients and contracts might be patchy in the earlier years, it’s good to have a financial buffer to keep you going. I would recommend starting with a decent workstation (computer and DAW), a good versatile microphone, a good listening environment (headphones or speakers with sound panels), and a handful of trusted plugins (my absolute musts are compression, EQ, reverb and delay). When new contracts come in, or invoices paid, you can slowly build on the plugins, libraries and other equipment.
 

6. Decide a visual identity


How would you like to present yourself? What is your market, who is potential clients? If you have a company what will you call it? What will the logo be like?

What’s your unique identity that makes you stand out?

Whether to be corporate or creative, broad in services or specialised, where best has your experience been and how can you expand on this? What’s your unique identity that makes you stand out? Questions, questions! All of this is worth thinking about when you design your website and branding, to represent your personality and skills. What best to present in your showreel that captures your audience before they click away. Social media sites like LinkedIn and Facebook are great ways to share your latest news and gently remind people you’re available. Endorsements and recommendations are a great way to validate your services to people who come across you for the first time.
 

7. Be organised – lists and logs


There is something very satisfying about crossing off a task from the list, especially if it’s the later part of a long list! Multiple projects and fast approaching deadlines can be stressful. Know what needs to be done and when, and don’t put it off, especially the boring stuff! There are plenty of free applications you can use – Google apps are fantastic: calendars, documents, spreadsheets can help you organise and keep track of your work and progress. Also, log your work and how much time you spent on it.

Know what needs to be done and when, and don’t put it off, especially the boring stuff

This helps with reporting back to your clients and detailing work on invoices. Keeping a record is great reference for when quoting for a new project, developing a better understanding of time required.

 

Popular on A Sound Effect right now - article continues below:

 

Latest releases:  
  • Horror Giant Pinecones Play Track 500+ sounds included, 44 mins total $79

    • In Giant Pinecones, get a visceral collection of scraped and eviscerated pinecones from the gray pine trees of Northern California. Scrape the razor-sharp hooks of the cone petals and hear guttural scrapes crackling with energy. Hear rolling cones popping and fluttering with rich stuttering tones. Hear fully open cone pedals squeaking with woody vocalizations like supernatural animals and hardy crunches filled with organic grit.
    • This library offers you an extensive collection of sounds from a unique organic sound source. Digger pinecone sounds are incredibly soft and intimate in real life, but when recorded from two inches they morph into a unique wooden sound source brimming with powerful glitchy and stuttering textures.

    2% FOR THE ENVIRONMENT & CARBON NEUTRAL:
    • Two percent of the price of this library is donated to an environmental cause, as an “artist royalty” for the planet!
    • Carbon offset credits were purchased to offset my field recording travel for this library.

    KEY FEATURES:
    • Woody vocalizations
    • Rolling, scraping, and stuttering textures
    • Visceral and guttural scrapes
    • Fluttering and popping textures
    • Rich crunches
    • Chalkboard-like squeaks and squeals
    FILE LIST & METADATA:
    • View larger version or Download CSV
    • A spectrogram is included for each audio file. Double click on the photo to enlarge.
    MORE INFO:
    • Read 40+ testimonials for Thomas Rex Beverly Audio
    • Read my Field Recording Mastering Rules and learn more about how these recordings were mastered.
    • Browse the Library Info Master List to compare specs on all my libraries.
    • Browse the Metadata Master List to search my entire catalog.
    • MD5 and SHA 256 Checksums are included for each zip file in my catalog. Use these hashes to check the integrity of your downloaded files.
    GEAR USED:
    • Sennheiser MKH8040 and MKH30 in MS
    • Sound Devices MixPre-6
    Add to cart
  • Recording of the American 2017 Polaris Ranger EV. Powered by an electric utility vehicle’s 48-volt high-efficiency AC-induction motor.


    The American 2017 Polaris Industries Ranger EV sound collection shares 44 sounds in 3.49 gigabytes of audio. It showcases the sound of an electric utility vehicle’s 48-volt high-efficiency AC-induction motor in 4 channels with 2 custom stereo mixes.

    The sound pack includes 4 synchronized takes of onboard driving. 4 channels of audio capture the engine and onboard perspectives, with 2 custom stereo mixes provided. Performances include driving slow and fast, with steady RPMs and ramps, starting, stopping, and more.

    The package includes Pro Tools and Reaper mixing sessions, full professional metadata, and metadata import files in 7 languages.

    Add to cart
  • A crush on music

    Distortion and saturation play a very important role in music production. From subtle, clean and warm tube or tape saturation to the wildest multiband guitar amp effects: FabFilter Saturn 2 delivers.

    Saturn 2 introduces a host of new features such as a redesigned interface with modulation visualization, new subtle saturation and linear phase processing for mastering, many new distortion styles, and more.


    Warmth, harmonics, color and dynamics

    FabFilter Saturn 2 offers a range of different high quality distortion models, inspired by the vintage sound of tubes, tape, transformers and guitar amps. In addition, you get five creative FX distortion styles to mangle your sounds in weird and unexpected ways.

    With its multiband design and per-band feedback, dynamics, drive, tone and modulation options, Saturn 2 will bring a unique flavor to your music.

    Bring your sounds to life

    Add life and depth to your music using the extensive modulation section. By applying subtle modulation to crossover frequencies, dynamics, band levels or tone controls, great warmth and definition can be achieved.

    With all the XLFOs, EGs, XY controllers/sliders, envelope followers and MIDI sources you will ever need, you get practically unlimited modulation possibilities. Creating new modulation connections could not be easier: just drag and drop. And Saturn 2 visualizes all modulation in real-time to show exactly what’s going on.

    FabFilter goodies

    Finally, FabFilter Saturn 2 contains all the usual FabFilter goodies: perfectly tuned knobs, MIDI Learn, Smart Parameter Interpolation for smooth parameter transitions, interface resizing and full screen mode, support for Avid control surfaces, GPU-powered graphics acceleration, extensive help with interactive help hints, SSE optimization, and much more.

    Add to cart
  • Cricket – Junior & Senior is our latest SFX library toolkit, created to cater to cricket specific sounds. We have covered a broad range of specific sounds that differentiate Cricket from other batting sports. Included are sounds for Cricket Gear, Movements, Batting, Bowling, Fielding and Other Miscellaneous sounds.

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  • An ice hockey game is an exciting, dynamic and powerful sonic experience. From the thunderous crack of a puck hitting the boards at full speed to the gentle scrape of a stick on the ice, this library contains a complete range of the game’s on ice sounds, all captured with natural reverb in an indoor arena.

    Included are a range of performances of skate, stick, puck, and whistle sounds, as well as rink door opens and closes, and various board, glass, and ice impacts.

    The skate sounds include starts, stops, turns, and pass bys, as well as single steps and scrapes for detailed editing and layering. Stick sounds include different kinds of shots, passes, drops and scrapes, and impacts with other sticks, the boards, and the ice. Puck sounds include impacts with the ice, boards, skates, the goal metal and net, and even goalie pads. Rink sounds include the opening and closing of doors, impacts with the boards and glass, and a goal horn. Two different types of whistles were recorded, with varying durations.

    Each sound effect performance was recorded from multiple perspectives – a stereo ORTF pair of Lewitt LCT 540s microphones, a closer wide XY from an Audio Technica BP4025, and a close mono Schoeps CMC6/MK41 – either stationary or following the action on a boom, depending on the type of sound. The ratio of direct to reverberant sound differs between these perspectives, offering a variety of options when editing to picture.

    Also included are quad-channel room tones from two different ice rinks, and a special onboard recording of a puck, made by taping a Sony PCM-M10 to a puck and sliding it across the surface of the ice.

    The actions were performed at a range of speeds and energy levels, with multiple takes for variety. Please refer to the sound list pdf below for details. Captured at a sampling rate of 96kHz, these recordings contain detailed information above 20kHz, expanding the possibilities for manipulation when slowing and pitching them down.

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    Add to cart


Need specific sound effects? Try a search below:
 

8. Do your research and be confident in what you charge


Think about how you would like to charge for a project, your clients may wish you to charge on a per SFX basis but if you are overseeing implementation too, how is that worked in? Most audio professionals now prefer to opt for a day rate. Be careful when working out your day rate, some “useful” on-line calculators just divide your current salary by 365 days! Think about tax, in the UK, employers part pay their employee’s tax.

Be careful when working out your day rate, some “useful” on-line calculators just divide your current salary by 365 days

Think about sick days, holidays, expenses (equipment, rent and rates), and your availability (without employment security it is a reasonable expectation for you to build a financial buffer for the quiet periods between contracts). Do your research, have a look at what agencies are offering for similar roles and compare. Once you’re comfortable with a figure – be confident! If you are in talks with potential client, they’re likely to be impressed with the examples of your work and recommendations they have seen. If they do want to work with you but find your figure too high, they’re likely to negotiate to find a compromise. If you are turned down, ask for feedback, always better than second guessing.
 

9. Build good client relationships


Unfortunately with the nature of game development, audio can be forgotten. The team is working together in an open plan office, when checking their work the in-game the sound might be off. In reviews the team might talk enthusiastically over the game audio. If there is not an in-house audio person/team present they might not know the powerful use of audio, the aesthetics approaches that can be taken to bring the experience more to life. It’s your job to show them what can be done, get them excited and on board with your ideas, ask them for feedback! You are however also reliant on them, without their help you might have difficulty getting some or all of your sounds implemented correctly. Unfortunately at times a producer or project manager has to prioritise tasks to reach a release date, and need to juggle resource with requirements across the team. Understand this and prioritise yours, think how best to work effectively and pick your battles.
 

 

10. Enjoy it.. and living life too!


It is wonderful, to establish a career doing what we love, every day something to look forward it, and even the boring tasks are satisfying because they are our own – masters of our destiny! However take heed, it’s easy for work to take priority and can become all too consuming.

However take heed, it’s easy for work to take priority and can become all too consuming

Don’t be afraid to book a holiday, it might sound daft but it can be easy to put off to a more convenient time. Take time off; spend it with family, friends, get away from the screen and to the great outdoors! Exercise, travel, read, learn, listen and enjoy the arts. All this wealth of experience and from the stuff of life makes your creative output all the richer when back at in the studio.

 

A big thanks to Rebecca Parnell for her freelancing tips!

 

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About Rebecca Parnell

Rebecca Parnell is a BAFTA Award-winning Sound Designer, having worked in sound for 19 years on 50+ titles, covering the most popular platforms of the time.

Rebecca started her career in game audio as a Sound Designer for Richard Joseph’s audio outsource company Audio Interactive at Pinewood Studios, working with many developers including Sensible Software, Codemasters and EA/Bullfrog. She moved to work in-house at VIS entertainment, Criterion Games and Outerlight before going freelance in 2007, and in 2009 launcher her company Magicbrew, working with developers NaturalMotion, Hello Games, Wonderstruck, Space Ape, Microsoft Lift and more.

Rebecca has judged for the prestigious BAFTA Game Awards and the Music and Sound Awards, and guest lectured at the National Film and Television School.

Rebecca has also branched out to work in film, having edited sounds for several shorts and a feature, most notably Babak Anvari’s BAFTA nominated short Two and Two.

When Rebecca is not working she is often out exploring with her recording kit collecting inspiring sounds. Whether that’s in the streets of her home city London, in Brazilian jungles, the markets of Marrakesh or visiting a hill top tribe in Laos to identify bird calls, she is always keen to explore the aural world.

 


 

 
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A Sound Effect gives you easy access to an absolutely huge sound effects catalog from a myriad of independent sound creators, all covered by one license agreement - a few highlights:
 
 
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    ADVANCED PROPULSION is a next-gen sound design toolkit built for creating dynamic sci-fi vehicle engines and passbys. The designed engine sounds are all seamless loops, making them perfect for use with various plug-ins and interactive applications. All raw source material used to design the engines is included, giving you maximum creative flexibility.

    Add to cart
  • Rocky Impacts is a collection of 262 rock & stone impact sound effects.
    Rock impacts, LFEs, Debris, Moving textures and more

    Collection consist of 150 designed sound effects and 112 source sound effects. All sound effects were recorded with Sennheiser MKH8060
    + ATE 208 in mid-side at superb 192KHZ. Recording session took place in a quiet canyon between mountains.

    All SFX have baked-in Soundminer’s meta data.

    Download includes additional 44.1kHz 16Bit version for Unreal Engine.
    RECORDED WITH: Sound Devices MixPre 6 + 2 x Sennheiser MKH8060 + ATE208 (M/S)
    EDITED AND MASTERED WITH: Pro Tools, BOOM ReCenter, iZotope RX, Brusfri, FabFilter, ReFuse, Reaktor

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  • Need sound effects for your explainer videos? The EXPLNR sounds series is a collection of sfx libraries designed and produced with the classic 2d animated explainer video in mind. These sounds will give quick and useful coverage to the common moves used in this style.

    Vol 1 is an excellent all-around base library that includes whooshes, clicks, pops, swells, ratchets, slides, rips, drags, flicks, crumples, and dings – all custom designed with the playfulness and clean edges required to match the explainer video style.

    To help cover repetitive visual movements, multiple iterations of each sound are included. A host of designed sounds will quickly cover more complex movements.

    The next time you have an explainer video in the house, you know your starting point.

    Add to cart
 
Explore the full, unique collection here

Latest sound effects libraries:
 
  • Horror Giant Pinecones Play Track 500+ sounds included, 44 mins total $79

    • In Giant Pinecones, get a visceral collection of scraped and eviscerated pinecones from the gray pine trees of Northern California. Scrape the razor-sharp hooks of the cone petals and hear guttural scrapes crackling with energy. Hear rolling cones popping and fluttering with rich stuttering tones. Hear fully open cone pedals squeaking with woody vocalizations like supernatural animals and hardy crunches filled with organic grit.
    • This library offers you an extensive collection of sounds from a unique organic sound source. Digger pinecone sounds are incredibly soft and intimate in real life, but when recorded from two inches they morph into a unique wooden sound source brimming with powerful glitchy and stuttering textures.

    2% FOR THE ENVIRONMENT & CARBON NEUTRAL:
    • Two percent of the price of this library is donated to an environmental cause, as an “artist royalty” for the planet!
    • Carbon offset credits were purchased to offset my field recording travel for this library.

    KEY FEATURES:
    • Woody vocalizations
    • Rolling, scraping, and stuttering textures
    • Visceral and guttural scrapes
    • Fluttering and popping textures
    • Rich crunches
    • Chalkboard-like squeaks and squeals
    FILE LIST & METADATA:
    • View larger version or Download CSV
    • A spectrogram is included for each audio file. Double click on the photo to enlarge.
    MORE INFO:
    • Read 40+ testimonials for Thomas Rex Beverly Audio
    • Read my Field Recording Mastering Rules and learn more about how these recordings were mastered.
    • Browse the Library Info Master List to compare specs on all my libraries.
    • Browse the Metadata Master List to search my entire catalog.
    • MD5 and SHA 256 Checksums are included for each zip file in my catalog. Use these hashes to check the integrity of your downloaded files.
    GEAR USED:
    • Sennheiser MKH8040 and MKH30 in MS
    • Sound Devices MixPre-6
  • Recording of the American 2017 Polaris Ranger EV. Powered by an electric utility vehicle’s 48-volt high-efficiency AC-induction motor.


    The American 2017 Polaris Industries Ranger EV sound collection shares 44 sounds in 3.49 gigabytes of audio. It showcases the sound of an electric utility vehicle’s 48-volt high-efficiency AC-induction motor in 4 channels with 2 custom stereo mixes.

    The sound pack includes 4 synchronized takes of onboard driving. 4 channels of audio capture the engine and onboard perspectives, with 2 custom stereo mixes provided. Performances include driving slow and fast, with steady RPMs and ramps, starting, stopping, and more.

    The package includes Pro Tools and Reaper mixing sessions, full professional metadata, and metadata import files in 7 languages.

  • A crush on music

    Distortion and saturation play a very important role in music production. From subtle, clean and warm tube or tape saturation to the wildest multiband guitar amp effects: FabFilter Saturn 2 delivers.

    Saturn 2 introduces a host of new features such as a redesigned interface with modulation visualization, new subtle saturation and linear phase processing for mastering, many new distortion styles, and more.


    Warmth, harmonics, color and dynamics

    FabFilter Saturn 2 offers a range of different high quality distortion models, inspired by the vintage sound of tubes, tape, transformers and guitar amps. In addition, you get five creative FX distortion styles to mangle your sounds in weird and unexpected ways.

    With its multiband design and per-band feedback, dynamics, drive, tone and modulation options, Saturn 2 will bring a unique flavor to your music.

    Bring your sounds to life

    Add life and depth to your music using the extensive modulation section. By applying subtle modulation to crossover frequencies, dynamics, band levels or tone controls, great warmth and definition can be achieved.

    With all the XLFOs, EGs, XY controllers/sliders, envelope followers and MIDI sources you will ever need, you get practically unlimited modulation possibilities. Creating new modulation connections could not be easier: just drag and drop. And Saturn 2 visualizes all modulation in real-time to show exactly what’s going on.

    FabFilter goodies

    Finally, FabFilter Saturn 2 contains all the usual FabFilter goodies: perfectly tuned knobs, MIDI Learn, Smart Parameter Interpolation for smooth parameter transitions, interface resizing and full screen mode, support for Avid control surfaces, GPU-powered graphics acceleration, extensive help with interactive help hints, SSE optimization, and much more.

  • Cricket – Junior & Senior is our latest SFX library toolkit, created to cater to cricket specific sounds. We have covered a broad range of specific sounds that differentiate Cricket from other batting sports. Included are sounds for Cricket Gear, Movements, Batting, Bowling, Fielding and Other Miscellaneous sounds.

    17 %
    OFF
    Ends 1590530399
  • An ice hockey game is an exciting, dynamic and powerful sonic experience. From the thunderous crack of a puck hitting the boards at full speed to the gentle scrape of a stick on the ice, this library contains a complete range of the game’s on ice sounds, all captured with natural reverb in an indoor arena.

    Included are a range of performances of skate, stick, puck, and whistle sounds, as well as rink door opens and closes, and various board, glass, and ice impacts.

    The skate sounds include starts, stops, turns, and pass bys, as well as single steps and scrapes for detailed editing and layering. Stick sounds include different kinds of shots, passes, drops and scrapes, and impacts with other sticks, the boards, and the ice. Puck sounds include impacts with the ice, boards, skates, the goal metal and net, and even goalie pads. Rink sounds include the opening and closing of doors, impacts with the boards and glass, and a goal horn. Two different types of whistles were recorded, with varying durations.

    Each sound effect performance was recorded from multiple perspectives – a stereo ORTF pair of Lewitt LCT 540s microphones, a closer wide XY from an Audio Technica BP4025, and a close mono Schoeps CMC6/MK41 – either stationary or following the action on a boom, depending on the type of sound. The ratio of direct to reverberant sound differs between these perspectives, offering a variety of options when editing to picture.

    Also included are quad-channel room tones from two different ice rinks, and a special onboard recording of a puck, made by taping a Sony PCM-M10 to a puck and sliding it across the surface of the ice.

    The actions were performed at a range of speeds and energy levels, with multiple takes for variety. Please refer to the sound list pdf below for details. Captured at a sampling rate of 96kHz, these recordings contain detailed information above 20kHz, expanding the possibilities for manipulation when slowing and pitching them down.

    30 %
    OFF
 
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